|Health||Livelihood support||Other services|
|Health referrals||Savings and loans||Night shelter|
|Psychosocial counselling||Entrepreneurship/vocational training||Resting and cooking space|
|Paramedic services||Life skills training||Lockers|
|Bathing facilities||Adult education||Day care|
|Formal education referrals||Birth registration|
The centres provide dedicated services in basic areas of health, livelihoods, and protection to a group of people who would not have assistance otherwise. This reduces vulnerability and hazard exposure. Concern also works to make the pavement dwellers more visible. With Concern’s support in 2013 the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Extreme Poverty and Urban Pavement Dwellers of the Bangladesh Parliament released a report entitled “Parliamentarians can make the difference: Pavement dwellers’ right to survive”, which is designed to help members of parliament understand the challenges pavement dwellers face. Concern also conducts a monthly census of pavement dwellers to give and idea of the scale of homelessness in the city. It has also been given permission to allow pavement dwellers to use PDCs as a permanent address for registering birth certificates and national identity cards.
Figuring out how to reduce the risks for migrants – be they long term homeless migrants in Bangladesh fleeing poverty, pastoralists crossing between Kenya and Ethiopia to rear their flocks, men from Niger or Afghanistan moving seasonally for economic reasons, or Syrians fleeing conflict – is incredibly challenging. Migrants are very vulnerable to disasters, they face heavy exposure to hazards, and they are often invisible within governance structures designed for a settled population living in structures. As Concern’s work demonstrates, targeted support can improve access to services and render the invisible visible.
Efforts are being made to incorporate mobile populations into disaster risk reduction. Policy and advocacy organizations that participated in the recent Sendai Framework discussions in Cancun have called for greater efforts to reduce risks for the mobile, and there are currently research efforts examining how to reduce risks during conflicts, a situation that often has highly mobile populations. Such dedicated efforts for risk reduction appear necessary given the normative orientation toward settled populations found within most service delivery sectors.
References and further reading
Clark-Ginsberg, A. (2015). Concern’s Approach to Disaster Risk Reduction in Urban Contexts.Concern Worldwide. Available from www.concern.net/insights/concern-disaster-risk-reduction-urban-contexts.
Clark-Ginsberg, A., & Hunt, D. (2017) We Are Human Too! Concern Worldwide’s Efforts to Reduce Risks for the Homeless Migrants of Dhaka, Bangladesh. In L. Guadagno, M. Fuhrer, & J. Twigg (Eds.), Migrants in Disaster Risk Reduction: Practices for Inclusion. International Organization for Migration and Council of Europe. http://www.preventionweb.net/publications/view/53351
Concern Worldwide (2016). Pavement Dwellers: On the Streets Today, Fighting for a Better Tomorrow. Concern Worldwide. Available from www.concern.net/insights/pavement-dwellers-streets-today-fighting-better-tomorrow.
Imran, A. & M. Khan (2015). Helping pavement dwellers out of extreme poverty in Bangladesh. In: Knowledge Matters, No. 13. Lessons from the City: Experiences in Addressing Urban Poverty. Concern Worldwide. Available from www.concern.net/insights/knowledge-matters-lessons-city.
Walters, V., & Gaillard, J. (2014). Disaster risk at the margins: Homelessness, vulnerability and hazards. Habitat International, 44, 211-219.
Wisner, B. (1998). Marginality and vulnerability: Why the homeless of Tokyo don’t ‘count’ in disaster preparations. Applied Geography, 18(1), 25-33.
This post appeared first on the Preventionweb DRR Voices Blog: http://www.preventionweb.net/experts/oped/view/53651